From Innerpedia - Encyclopedia of Torah's Inner Dimension - Chassidut and Kabbalah
In number theory
333 is the 26st truncated triangular number || 333 = 26 - 18
The prime factorization of 333 is 3, 3, 37, where 37 itself is the 10th truncated triangular number.
In the Bible
- 333 is the value of the word "snow"<ref name="snow">Jeremiah 18:14, Psalms 147:16, and elsewhere.</ref> (שֶׁלֶג).
- 333 is the value of the words "all the inner chambers"<ref name="chambers">Proverbs 20:27.</ref> (כָּל חַדְרֵי בָטֶן)
- 333 is the value of the phrase "To You my heart has spoken"<ref name="psalms2">Psalms 27:8</ref> (לְךָ אָמַר לִבִּי)
- 333 is the value of the phrase "And it was day".<ref name="genesis1">Genesis 1:5</ref> (וַיְהִי בֹקֶר) This phrase appears at the end of the account of each day of creation, implying that 333 relates to the power to differentiate between day and night.
- 333 equals 3 times the value of "mask" (מַסְוֶה), referring to the mask worn by Moses in order to conceal the tremendous light shining from his face, mentioned 3 times in 3 consecutive verses.<ref name="exodus2">Exodus 34:33-35.</ref>
- 333 is the value of "the darkness"<ref name="genesis2">Genesis 1:4</ref> (הַחשֶׁךְ). This word appears only 3 times in the Pentateuch, twice in the account of creation<ref name="genesis3">Ibid. 1:18.</ref> and once when Moses recounts the giving of the Torah at Mt. Sinai.<ref name="deut1">Deuteronomy 20:5</ref> Thus, "the darkness" actually represents the highest level of revelation of God's word, which cannot be grasped (and therefore is seen as darkness). As its first appearance, this word is the 39th word of the Torah, alluding to the 39 lights of dew that represents the essentail highest light of the Torah (which therefore seems like darkness). The 39 lights of dew are the revelation of the Torah with which God will resurrect the dead. This word also rectifies loss of memory, specifically the inability to recall God always.<ref name="etz1">Etz Chayim, Yichud Zachor</ref>
In the Sages
- 333 is the value of "Chanukah candle"<ref name="chanukah">Shabbat 21b.</ref> (נֵר חַנֻכָּה). This relates back to 333 equalling the value of "all the inner chambers" as the beginning of that verse is, "The candle of God is the soul of man, searching through all the inner chambers." The Chanukah candle gives off essential light that has the power to cleanse all of an individual's inner chambers. This is learnt from the Talmud's statement that it is proper to light Chanukah candles until the foot of the last merchant leaves the marketplace. The word for merchant is cognate with the word for "rebellious" implying that the Chanukah candles have the power to rectify all feelings of rebellion (against the Almighty) from even the innermost chambers of the psyche.
- 333 is the value of "forgetfulness" (שִׁכְחָה), specifically of the Almighty. Snow (whose value is also 333) therefore alleviates forgetfulness.<ref name="mishnat">Mishnat Chasidim Masechet She'erit Yom Tov, ch. 2.</ref>
- 333 is 9 • 37, where 37 is the value of "the singular one" (יְחִידָה), the highest of the five levels of the soul. This reflects the introduction of the essential light of the crown of the soul (corresponding to the singular one) into all 9 lower sefirot from wisdom to kingdom.
- 333 is 3 • 111, the value of the filling of the letter alef (אלף). The three fillings of the letter alef correspond<ref name="muda1">See Harav Yitzchak Ginsburgh's Muda'oot Tivit, pp. 133ff.</ref> to the three meanings of the letter alef's name in context of adding the letter alef (א) to the word for "exile" (גוֹלָה), transforming it into "redemption"<ref name="rebbe1">Lubavitcher Rebbe's Sichahs for parshat Acharei-Kedoshim and parshat Emor, 5751.</ref> (גְאוּלָה).